The new law will replace the 35 hours of weekly work in the public service provides, however, some situations exception requiring the replacement of the time during the second half of the year.
The text provides for the negotiation with the civil service of exception situations that will keep for some time the 40 hours of labor unions for some employees in order to “ensure the continuity and quality of services.”
Exceptions result of a transitional rule that allows the replacement of the weekly schedule of 35 hours during the second half of this year in services where there is the need for the hiring of staff, particularly in health.
Working hours in the Public Service increased from 35 hours to 40 hours in September 2013, without a corresponding increase in wages, which has raised the defense of workers and their unions.
The reset time of 35 hours corresponds to one of the promises of the current government, and the Finance Minister has reiterated that the measure can not entail increased costs for the state.
According to the unions representing public servants, increased working hours represented a drop of 14% in the value of wages.
The Portuguese civil servants are those who, in the European Union (EU), work more hours per week, but with the 35-hour time reset become of those working less time.
Currently, to meet 40 hours per week, Portugal is aware of Slovenia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Poland, Czech Republic and Romania, but from Friday the Portuguese civil servants are below the EU average to 27 [ before the accession of Croatia to July 1, 2013], which is 38.45 hours per week.
In Portugal, the weekly working hours of 35 hours has been formally adopted by many municipalities, after the first government of Passos Coelho (PSD / CDS-PP) have been forced by the Constitutional Court to publish the collective agreements of public employer ( ACEEP) had decided to retain, to avoid resetting the time.